Masculinity surgery encompasses procedures that can modify your appearance to promote concordance between your gender identity and your body (gender congruence). Top Surgery involves breast removal (Subcutaneous Mastectomy) and male chest contouring, and may also include free nipple grafts, or nipple/areola resizing and repositioning.
Masculinization surgery, also called "gender affirmation surgery", is usually chosen as a step in the process of treating the anguish caused by the difference between the sex expressed or experienced and the sex of birth (gender dysphoria).
Regardless of what surgical approach is used, liposuction is frequently used to help refine the new male chest contour. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and takes approximately four hours.